VI: Cavaliers vs. Roundheads

Hi all,

In today’s post I will be discussing the differences between the Cavaliers and Roundheads (also known as the Parliamentarians). They were opposing parties in the English Civil War, so of course they had different ideas of how they thought England should have been ruled. The Cavaliers fought for King Charles I, while the Roundheads favoured a commonwealth / republic with no monarch. These wars that dominated the English landscape in the 17th century eventually resulted in a Parliamentary victory and the execution of King Charles I. The English Civil War as we know today actually consisted of three separate wars, with the Roundheads winning all three of them. So, how were they different? I have picked out three different areas where Cavaliers and Roundheads had different ideas, and listed how they are different below.

Military style:
Cavaliers – their approach on the battlefield has been deemed by many as being amateur, which probably contributes to the reason why they didn’t win any of the three civil wars
Roundheads – they were extremely regimented and strict; any misconduct was punished severely.

Sundays:
Cavaliers – enjoyment and leisure was permitted on a Sunday; specific activities included archery and dancing
Roundheads – demanded all shops were closed on Sundays and the entire day was to be devoted to religion

Fashion:
Cavaliers – I’ve mentioned this before in a previous post, but Cavalier fashion was very extravagant and flamboyant. In terms of hair, the ideal style was worn long with a wide brimmed hat
Roundhead – wore very simple clothing; the republic under Oliver Cromwell attempted to ban colourful clothing and make-up for women.

I hope you enjoyed today’s post, and let me know your thoughts below!

Bye for now,

Lucy

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